Pro Se Resources

The information on this site is intended to serve as an informative and practical resource for pro se litigants and is not a substitute for legal advice from an experienced attorney. The information is procedural in nature and should be read in conjunction with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Local Rules of this Court.

If you wish to start a civil action in federal court, but do not have an attorney to represent you, you may bring your case on your own. This is called "proceeding pro se", which means that you are representing yourself in the Court, and you are commonly referred to as a "pro se litigant." Pro se is a Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf."

The right to appear pro se in a civil case in federal court is contained in a statute; 28 U.S.C. § 1654. Thus, anyone can appear pro se, and anyone who appears before the Court without an attorney is generally considered a pro se litigant.  There are, however, certain limitations to self-representation, such as:

General Information & Resources

Case Initiation Documents

Summons & Subpoena

Other Civil Forms